Papilio androgeus is found from eastern Mexico southward to Argentina, as well as in the Greater Antilles.
This species appeared to become established in Dade and Broward Counties, Florida, with records from those counties dated 1976-1983. Brock and Kaufman (2006) state the species has not been seen in south Florida since that time.
The male coloration is shown. Females are quite different: mostly black, but having blue iridescence on the hindwings' upper sides. The several tails on each hind wing are thin and pointed in females. In some areas females have a large white spot on the upperside of each forewing.
Larvae of the Androgeus swallowtail feed on leaves of Citrus spp.
Photo data: 31 May 2019. Along the Rio Teles Pires, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
GPS data: -9.67124, -55.89077. Elevation 245 meters above sea level.